Lymphoma is a common name for cancers caused by the lymph system. Lymphoma is a group of diseases that consist of a wide variety of subtypes and can exhibit very different behavioral characteristics. In a majority, there is a healthy and prolonged life chance with accurate diagnosis and current treatment practices.
Lymphoma can be seen both in children and adults. Conditions that weaken the immune system, exposure to certain chemicals (pesticides), diseases caused by certain viruses are among the risk factors that can lead to lymphoma.
Lymphoma has been declared World Lymphoma Day on September 15 to attract attention and inform the community. Lymphoma is a common name for cancers caused by the lymph system. Lymphoma is a group of diseases with a wide range of subtypes that can exhibit very different behavioral characteristics. In most cases, there is a chance of disease-free and long-term survival with accurate diagnosis and current treatment practices.
It is known that more than 360 people are caught in lymphoma every year and 1000 cases of lymphoma are diagnosed every day. Early diagnosis can be fatal within 6 months if treatment is delayed if it is a possible disease.
Lymphoma, which is found in 35 species, is a disease that can be seen both in children and adults. Although the cause of lymphoma is not fully known; conditions that weaken the immune system, exposure to certain chemicals (pesticides), diseases caused by certain viruses are some of the risk factors that can lead to lymphoma. The lymphatic and immune system is part of a system that allows the body to fight infections. In the lymphatic system, there are small structures in the neck, armpit and groin areas, which are usually not found in adults, usually called lymph glands. There are also organs involved in the lymphatic system. These are the organ thymus found in our tonsils, spleen, liver, bone marrow and chest cavity and active in childhood. In addition, these lymphatic structures are located between the stomach, small intestine and skin layers. The disease is caused by the appearance of normal cells in the above lymphatic structures, or abnormal appearance of cells in the site of rapid division. These cells can also exhibit spawning, liver and bone marrow characterization.
What are the symptoms?
Unexplained fever: body temperature above 38 ° C with no reason at all.
Night sweats: Night sweats so severe that it will cause wet clothes and linen to wear when sleeping at night.
Weight loss: more than 10% of body weight lost within 6 months.
Continuous fatigue: Severe and persistent fatigue.
What To Do When This Symptom Appears
If you see this indication on your own, consult your doctor. But remember, none of these signs is specific to the lymphoma, and many other symptoms can be seen in many other diseases. Only the physician can confirm the diagnosis.
Treatment of lymphoma is done with medications (chemotherapy), radiation therapy (radiotherapy), or both. In addition, stem cell collection from the patient can be treated with high doses of chemotherapy, resuscitation of these stem cells (high-dose chemotherapy and autologous peripheral stem cell transplantation), biological drugs and surgery. Sometimes the patient is not treated in slow-moving lymphomas and the patient is monitored by the doctor at regular intervals. The specialists who decide on the treatment of the patient are hematology, medical oncology and radiation oncology specialists.
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