It is called 1-7 April Cancer Week in order to raise awareness in society about cancer and to develop community consciousness.

Üsküdar University Faculty of Health Sciences Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Assoc. Dr. Defne Kaya said that there is a relationship between excess body fat ratio and 12 kinds of cancers which mostly concern digestion and hormonal system. Associate Professor. Defne Kaya, these cancer types listed as follows:

"Pancreas, kidney, ovary, bile duct, esophagus, colon

And rectum (part of the first 12 cm of the large intestine near the makata), stomach, bone marrow (multiple myeloma: more common in obese and obese), lung, breast and uterine cancer. "


"What we will do first is to calculate our body mass index (BMI)," We should check whether the BMI obtained by dividing our body weight by the height of the neck is within normal limits. Ideal BMI: 19-24 for 19-24 years; 20-25 for 25-34 years; 21-26 for 35-44 years; Should be between 22-27 for 45-54 years and 24-29 over 65 years, "he said.


Assuming that the amount of total fat in the body is important, Assoc. Defne Kaya, lubrication around the waist can invite significant health problems, said: "It is more important to know where the oil is deposited together. Fat accumulation around the abdomen causes more health risks than fat accumulation in other parts of the body (hip, baseline). For this reason, the measurement of waist circumference alone or the waist / hip circumference ratio gives us important information for some disease states. Waist circumference should not exceed 94 cm especially for males and 80 cm for females. The waist / hip circumference ratio is important for evaluating the risk of chronic diseases due to obesity. This ratio varies according to sex. The waist / hip circumference should not exceed 1.0 for males and 0.8 for females.


Note that every 10 cm enlargement around the waist and every 5 kg increase in weight results in a 5 unit increase in VKI

Attracted by Assoc. Dr. Defne Kaya stated that every 5 unit increase in VKI could produce the following results. Here are the results:

Colon cancer (in men) (9% risk increase)

Rectum cancer (in males)

Esophagus cancer

Pancreatic cancer

Kidney cancer

Uterine cancer (before menopausal women)

Multiple myeloma - a type of bone marrow cancer

Three different cancers of the bile duct: gall bladder, extrahepatic bile ducts and veterinary bubbles (a bubble that spread from the pancreas to the duodenum of the umbilical cord where the intestinal wall expanded) (56% risk increase)

The increase in both body fat and weight, as well as the increase in waist / hip ratio by 0.1%, increases the risk of breast cancer by 11% and the risk of cervical cancer by 21% in women who do not have menopause and do not receive hormone replacement therapy.


Indicating that all these scientific data indicate that we should reduce our body fat ratio and waist / hip ratio, Doç.Dr. Defne Kaya, "If you want to get your body healthy, you should apply a program that will work both your heart and your muscles. Increasing your heart rate alone is not enough, you should definitely strengthen your muscles so that you can speed up your fat burning, "he said.

Assoc. Dr. Defne Kaya, the training program options listed as follows:

"At least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity per week, and 2-3 days per week to strengthen muscle groups.

At least 75 minutes of high-intensity aerobic activity per week and 2-3 days per week for strengthening exercises for large muscle groups.

You can mix medium and high intensity aerobic exercises: you can run for 30 minutes two days a week and fast hiking on other days. Again, 2-3 days a week for large muscle groups, you must do a strengthening exercise.

I would also like to offer a few aerobic exercise recommendations: fast hiking, swimming, jogging, cycling, tennis, hiking and climbing, basketball, volleyball, football. "

By changing the way of life, all these types of cancer and chronic diseases such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes can be said to be able to stop emphasizing Doç.Dr. Defne Kaya, "Balanced and quality food, regular exercise, smoking and alcohol reduce / leave" recommended.