The first baby in the world came to the world in England in 1978. In Turkey, the first baby born in Ege University was born in 1989. Today, many couples can have children with this method.
Simply put, in vitro fertilization is the process of fertilising the embryo by fertilization in the laboratory with the sperm obtained from the female, oocyte from the female, and then placing it in the embryonic female uterus. This process increases your chances of success when you are in an experienced team and in an appropriate lab environment.
What is the chances of success in IVF?
The rate of live birth in a normal menstrual period is 27.7% without any treatment. This rate is 40-45% in IVF cycle.
What are the reproductive techniques with help?
Assisted reproductive techniques include all methods of ovarian (oocyte) collection and pregnancy.
In vitro fertilization (IVF):
It can be summarized as fertilization of the ovaries taken from the ovaries with the sperm taken from the man in the laboratory environment and placement of the formed embryos in the mother's uterus 3-5 days later.
Gamet intrafallopian trasfer (GIFT):
Eggs taken from the ovaries and sperm taken from the man are placed in the fallopian tube, where fertilization is expected. Today, this method is not preferred.
Zygote Intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT):
The ovaries from the ovaries are combined in the laboratory with the sperm from the man and placed into the fallopian tube the next day. Today, this method is not preferred.
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI):
In this method, the egg (oocyte) taken from the ovaries is slaughtered with a special needle and fertilization is ensured. Especially sperm count and quality of patients with serious problems are preferred.
In vitro maturation (IVM):
It is based on the principle that eggs cells that have not yet mature enough in the ovaries in the ovulation cycle induced by the normal cycle or drug are used to mature in the laboratory environment and obtain embryos. Pregnancy and fertilization rates are low compared to the success achieved with egg cells in the ovary (as in the classic in vitro procedure).
In the case of IVF treatment; With an experienced team and advanced laboratory facilities, success rates are increasing.
The most important factor determining the success of IVF is the cause of infertility. The success rate of in vitro fertilization (15%) is lower in patients with reduced ovarian reserve, and the chance of success of in vitro fertilization (38%) is higher due to ovulation problems.