The World Health Organization and the World Hepatitis Association are set to announce the "World Hepatitis Day" on 28 July, with the aim of attracting the attention of the public to hepatitis diseases through events held all over the world.
Approximately 500 million people worldwide either carry Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C disease. If not treated, these diseases can cause many problems including cirrhosis and also liver cancer and liver failure. Most people worry more than hepatitis AIDS, but every year 1.5 million people worldwide die from hepatitis B or C disease, much more than AIDS.
Hepatitis is mostly caused by viruses. 7 types of hepatitis are hepatitis A, E, F hepatitis, virus infected water and nutrients are taken orally. B, C, D, G hepatitis, blood contact, saliva, and sexual intercourse.
Hepatitis A is a liver disease caused by hepatitis A virus. In our country, it is often seen in school children. Toilet hygiene is bad for people who do not wash their hands and touch the food and drink after the person who is the last person to meet. For this reason, personal hygiene and poor health conditions are spread easily in public places.
Viruses that cause hepatitis B and C are silent. Many people may be unaware of this virus and carry it without any symptoms. Untreated, both viruses can cause liver cirrhosis. Cirrhosis can lead to life-threatening diseases such as bleeding, acid, coma, liver failure or death. Long-term hepatitis B may also cause liver cancer before cirrhosis occurs.
Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C transmission routes are:
- Transmission of blood and other body fluids
- Microbes contamination of the skin integrity (cut-open wound etc.)
-Hepatitis carrier pregnant to infected baby
Hepatitis B Risk Groups:
-Hepatitis B babies born to the mother,
Those who are immunocompromised by family contacts with the hepatitis B carrier,
- Those who have a large number of sexual partners and those who have sexual intercourse with money,
- Those who use blood and blood products,
- People who underwent hemodialysis,
- Intra-drug drug addicts,
- Those who live in the places where they are found (schools, kindergartens, kinships, dormitories, nursing homes, etc.)
Procedures such as circumcision and ear piercing with non-sterile instruments are also a significant risk for hepatitis B contamination
-Berberries, hairdressers, manicure-pedicurists, firefighters, soldiers, police officers, persons who provide first aid in accidents and disasters are also in the risk group.
The rules to be observed to protect against Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C type jaundice micros are:
- Sharing personal items like razors, toothbrushes, earrings, nail scissors with other people should be avoided,
- Make sure that clean needles are used when performing tattooing or piercing,
- Be sure to use an unused razor blade and a sterilized razor when you go,
During a religious relationship, especially in cases of multiple mating, a condom must be used,
- The burglar should definitely not be used,
- Health officials should implement injection application with safe methods, use single-use injector,
-The test must be done to determine whether the bands are definitely type B jellies,
-If you have jaundice, cirrhosis or liver cancer patients in family (especially close relatives like parents and siblings)
Worldwide hepatitis groups, patients and lawyers participate in the events on July 28 to celebrate this important day. In particular, in 2012, 12,588 people from 20 countries had a Guinness record breaking on World Hepatitis Day when they performed 3 wise monkey movements to show illness of the disease.