Pedodontics (Pediatric Dentistry)
PEDODONTI-oral and dental health in children
My baby’s teeth are out.…
Your baby is 6. Starting from the month of the first milk teeth starts to remove. Milk teeth are important in the development of babies. They play a role in chewing food, speaking, appearing aesthetically beautiful and appearing in the normal position of permanent teeth.
What should I do for healthy milk teeth?
Regular brushing, healthy eating habits and regular dental check-ups are required for a healthy milk-tooth series.
Brushing should be done twice a day with soft and age-appropriate brushes from the time milk teeth emerge. The purpose of brushing is to clean all white enamel surfaces. Brushing should be done after meals with circular movements from the gums into the mouth. Brushing also suitable for the age of the child fluoridated toothpaste should only be used to the size of peas. Teeth should be brushed before going to bed.
What is a baby tooth decay and how to prevent it?
Drinking milk or juice for long periods of time with a bottle can cause tooth decay. The main reason for these common cavities is that the teeth are in contact with these liquids for a long time. Therefore, it is true that only water should be given to the baby during the night.
What is fluorid application?
Fluoride helps strengthen teeth. In order to ensure the strength of the teeth according to age, the dentist can perform various fluoride treatments at the clinic on the surfaces of the teeth.
What consequences do bad habits have?
A dental implant is an artificial tooth that is surgically placed into the jaw and cemented into the back of the tooth. Facial development deteriorates.
In order to eliminate these habits, pedodontists should cooperate with pedagogla if necessary.
Gum disease in children?
Dental caries can be seen during childhood, during oral breathing, in closing disorders of the teeth, due to bad habits and herpes infection. The factors that make up the disease should be eliminated and the necessary treatments should be done by dentists.
New teeth are coming out of my child’s mouth.…
The first permanent molar teeth around 6 years of age, the back of the milk teeth into the mouth behind the teeth, these teeth are mostly compared with the milk teeth. However, they are permanent teeth and do not change. It is important for the child to chew and develop facial and jaw bones to protect the health of these teeth.
What is a surface coating?
The protective agents called fissure sealants are applied by dentists to the chewing surfaces of milk or permanent molars of teeth. The fissure sealant covers the chewing surfaces and cuts the contact of these indented protruding areas to bacteria and nutrients and prevents the formation of cavities.
What is proper nutrition in terms of dental health?
In particular, sugary foods such as candy and chocolate should be avoided between meals. In addition, sugary juice and soda drinks should be restricted in intermediate meals. Instead of sugary refined foods, foods such as fruit, natural, juicy and high in fiber should be recommended. Especially if you want to beat something sweet between meals, products bearing the ‘tooth friendly’ logo should be preferred. These products do not decay the teeth.
When is orthodontics necessary?
If you have a problem with your teeth, your dentist or dental hygienist may recommend that you have a dental exam and / or cleaning your child’s teeth for at least 6 months.
Pedodontics is a branch of Pediatric dentistry that examines the oral and dental health of children in the period from birth to the end of adolescence.
In the study, children’s teeth decay disorders, follow-up and prevention, children’s tooth decay preventive procedures application, milk and permanent tooth decay treatments, premature tooth loss may occur in some of the disadvantages prevented by some apparatus such as the proper protection of the dental array such as such practices.
ORAL AND DENTAL HEALTH IN INFANTS
The first appointment with the dentist should be made in about 6 months or until the age of at least one year after the emergence of the first upper teeth. However, if this happens, the dentist can take care of the child, warn the family about the wrong eating habits and inform the family about preventive practices. It is important to continue these visits with a six-month interval for early treatment of caries lesions that may occur. The treatment should be decided by taking into consideration the duration of the eruption and fall of the teeth. Tooth decay is a disease that can be caused by bacteria from mother to child. If the child is not able to brush his or her teeth, he or she may be able to brush his or her own teeth.
The mother’s baby during the night breastfeed causes teeth to decay very early. Lactose in the structure of mother’s milk is a very harmful substance called caryogenic. Therefore, the baby should apply the last breastmilk before going to sleep for a long evening.
Another form of bottle rot is the long-term milk or formula taken by the baby at night during sleep. While the first teeth, carbohydrates (free sugar) rich liquids nutrition before the age of two can cause severe decay of the teeth.
In order to prevent tooth decay, it is necessary to maintain the use of a bottle for up to 12-13 months, not to use a bottle immediately before or during sleep, and, if possible, to drink water immediately after the bottle, and to brush the teeth and gums regularly.
Treatment: early diagnosis of decay makes the treatment easier. The child should be taken to the dentist as soon as possible. Cavities that occur during this age can also be treated with general anesthesia.
DENTAL CARIES AND RESTORATIONS
Tooth decay occurs in milk teeth, the age of falling, the depth of decay and tissue loss depending on the treatment is decided to be done. Teeth can be restored with filling materials or stainless steel crowns. Permanent tooth decay lesions can also be treated with a variety of filling materials and restored.
When the tissue loses its vitality, it can cause pain and swelling. Tooth decay can occur as a result of tooth decay or a trauma to the tooth. A change in the color of the tooth, or advanced bruises, may be a precursor to the infection.
Infection can occur both in milk teeth and in permanent teeth. Root canal treatment or tooth extraction before the antibiotic may be necessary. As a result of infections, the tooth does not need to be pulled at all times. If the tooth is damaged or decayed, the dentist should be consulted as soon as possible.
If the milk tooth needs to be withdrawn before the age of fall, it should be decided to make a place holder to prevent the loss of space. After the dentist has taken the measure, technicians prepare the placeholder. The ground holder must remain in the mouth until the tooth is expected from the bottom.
Placeholders can be fixed and movable in two different types. When the milk teeth are constantly wet, the dentist removes them from the mouth.
Moving placeholders can be inserted and removed by the child. However, in order to prevent the loss of space, it must be worn continuously, removed after meals and re-fitted after brushing.
PREVENTIVE PROTECTION FROM DECAY
In recent years, research on the incidence of cavities, this frequency in children, especially during the mixed dentition period (7-11 years) has reached 92-95 percent. This high rate of decay in the child’s future oral health, more importantly in terms of protecting the general health of the child, some preventive methods have made it mandatory to apply on children.
If your child has a dental problem, it is important to have regular dental check-ups and check-ups as soon as possible to ensure that he or she has a good dental health.
After trauma, reaching the dentist as soon as possible increases the success of the treatment. It makes it easier for the tooth not to lose its vitality with immediate treatment; to remove the discomfort that may occur, and to restore the old shape and function of the tooth.
If the tooth is broken as a result of trauma, the presence of the broken part and fresh water, serum physiologic or milk is put into the dentist as soon as possible by the restoration of the broken part to the tooth and restoration of the more aesthetic, natural can be achieved.
COMPLETELY REMOVED FROM THE TOOTH
A severe trauma to the tooth can cause the tooth to completely dislodge from the socket. These accidents usually occur in schools, playgrounds and pools where physical activity is intense. Wearing a seatbelt for driving, using protective gear while riding a bicycle reduces the risk of trauma.
If the tooth is a permanent tooth, it must be delivered to the dentist as soon as possible without being touched to the root of the tooth in a liquid such as milk, serum physiologic or under the patient’s own tongue. This type of tooth trauma, in the right conditions and as soon as possible when brought to the dentist can be placed in a successful re-slot and function can be provided.
Orthodontic treatment is the prevention phase of corrected disorders after treatment. The purpose of this treatment is to maintain the proper position of the teeth and jaws in order to prevent the teeth and jaws from returning to the old position again, to create new bone around the teeth and to adapt the muscles to the new position in the time required to maintain the proper position.