Main procedures performed in the lung cancer diagnosis are; chest radiography, computed tomography, sputum examination, pleural fluid cytology, bronchoscopy or needle biopsy. After the type of the lung cancer is assigned, the treatment is fulfilled together with thoracic surgery and oncology clinic by determining the stage of the disease.
Asthma patients are evaluated by chest diseases specialist with physical examination, lung-X ray, respiratory function test and skin allergy test. According to the severity of the disease, the inhaler drugs used by the patients vary. Because of being a chronic (protracted) disease, the control of asthma patients with 3-months period becomes appropriate.
It is an illness group including emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Even if it does not completely mean the same, it is called as chronic bronchitis, inveterate bronchitis among people. They are the abnormal and permanent extension occurred by destroy of alveolus called as emphysema alveolus and alveolus walls. On the other hand, chronic bronchitis is the permanent couching case which constitutes too much mucus (sputum).
The patients examined by chest diseases specialist are evaluated by chest-X ray and respiratory function test (spirometry). If it is necessary, computerized tomography could be applied to the patients.
According to the degree of disease, treatments may require drugs which provide increasing of amount of air flowing to lungs. These are drugs which must be taken regularly. In some occasions, the operation by thoracic surgery is advised to patients.
The principal in the treatment of the disease is regular use of drugs and use of antibiotics if it is necessary. If there is severe and life-threading bleeding, continuous abundantly expectorating, frequently recurrent infections, that is, if there is risk of death or impaired quality of life of patient, surgical intervention is performed.
Snoring and sleep apnea syndrome
Snoring complaint is very common among people. During normal sleep, muscles which keep our airways open are relaxed. In this period, snoring takes place by the vibrations which occur in some areas of upper respiratory tracts such as soft palate, uvula during the intake of breath. In this point, it become more of an issue to determine whether snoring is only a sound impairing sleep quality or is a serious disease called as sleep apnea syndrome.