Microbiology is a discipline that studies bacteria, viruses and fungis, which are called microorganisms, as well as protozoa, helminths and arthropods and includes the topic of immunity which means resistance to infectious diseases in a narrow sense.
We can also describe medical microbiology as a discipline that covers the properties of microorganisms that can be found intensively everywhere and their relations with each other and with the living things. It examines them in the laboratory environment and isolates them using various methods.
The branches of medical microbiology are as follows: Immunology, Bacteriology, Mycology, Virology and Parasitology.
Clinical microbiology, which is listed in general microbiology, examines bacteria and covers the main topics such as general characteristics of bacteria, laboratory diagnostic methods and results, illnesses caused by bacteria, selective media used for identification, epidemiology, prevention and treatment.
Blood, urine, gaita, throat and swabs taken from infected areas are used in microbiology laboratories. In addition, fluids and tissue pieces from all body regions in which disease symptoms are seen and medical materials used during the process are used for the identification of infecting bacteria.
The antibiotic susceptibility test, which is applied to bacteria that are the infectious agents, is also used to determine susceptible antibiotics.
Torch test (Toxo, Rubella, CMV, HSV)
Salmonella, Brucella tests
Syphilis (VDRL, RPR, TPHA)
Hepatitis Markers (HBV, HAV, HCV antigens and antibodies)
ASO, CRP, RF