In addition to the outpatient services, surgical treatment of ear, nose, throat, head and neck, facial cosmetic surgeries, treatment of hearing and balance disorders, endoscopic examinations of airways and gastrointestinal tracts, treatment of allergic upper respiratory tract diseases, treatment of sinusitis and treatment of voice disorders are carried out successfully at the Otorhinolaryngology Unit of the Türkiye Hospital.

Endoscopic sinus surgery
Sinusitis has the first rank among admissions to the hospital, and recently, this condition is effectively treated. If surgery is decided, after the patient is assessed, endoscopic sinus surgery is primarily preferred. Since the obstruction of the sinuses is eliminated (the underlying cause of the sinusitis), majority of the patients are discharged from the hospital same day and can start work in a short time.

Ear surgeries
Ear surgeries are generally carried out due to otitis media and hearing loss secondary to the disorders of the middle ear. Apart from this, surgery is preferred rarely due to reasons such as ear trauma, inner ear diseases leading to vertigo, ear tumors and facial paralysis.

Head and neck surgery
Early diagnosis of head and neck tumors increases the success rate of treatments. In addition to the tumors, cervical lymph nodes are also resected in head and neck surgery.

Do not fail to notice the following symptoms

Cervical mass lesion: Since head and neck cancers spread into cervical lymph nodes, even a single lymphadenomegaly persisting for two weeks requires medical attention. Of course, all lympadenomegalies are not considered as symptoms of cancer. However, it should be kept in mind that only a single lymphadenomegaly may be the first symptom of mouth, throat and thyroid cancer and sometimes leukemia.

Voice change: Voice change is considered as a symptom that occurs in most laryngeal cancers. It is recommended to see a doctor for any and all voice change lasting for more than 2 weeks.

Enlargement of a spot in the mouth: Most cancers of the oral  cavity and the tongue are manifested by refractory pain and swelling. It could be determined whether the problem arises from cancer or not through a small intervention or by examining the tissue piece taken from the wound by a needle.

Hemoptysis (blood in sputum): Reasons other than cancer can also cause bleeding in the mouth and throat. Blood may come out with saliva. However, if the hemoptysis lasts for more than a couple of days, the condition requires detailed examination.

Difficulty swallowing: Difficulty swallowing may develop due to tumors. Throat and esophageal tumors make the solid foods difficult to be swallowed. If there is a growth in tumors, it may also be difficult to swallow liquids.

Skin changes: It is recommended to see a doctor if there are wounds in the upper lip, on the face and in the ear that do not disappear within 2 weeks.

Chronic otalgia (ear pain): Feeling ear pain or otalgia in each swallowing may be the sign of pharyngeal inflammation or tumor. If there is voice disorder and there is cervical lymphadenopathy in addition to difficulty swallowing, examination by an otolaryngologist is required.

Frequent otorhinolaryngologic diseases in children
Since the ear structure is vulnerable to diseases in childhood, many problems may be experienced. In children, otologic problems (ear problems) usually occur during upper respiratory infections such as flu and sinusitis. It may sometimes stay latent, after infection disappears. Adenoid hypertrophy is a common condition in children  and it is also one of the problems causing ear problems.

Early diagnosis is important:An important part of the childhood diseases in the ear are treated easily through early diagnosis. However, the treatment becomes difficult, if it is at late stage, and the success rate decreases.

Be careful about the symptoms!
Your child may be experiencing hearing loss if he does not reply you when you call him or makes you repeat what you have said and if he watches TV very closely or turns the volume very up. An unnoticed hearing loss may also negatively affect your children’s school success. Therefore, please seek attention from a otorhinolaryngologist, if you are concerns about hearing loss.

Ear cleaning
Many people clean their ears with cotton buds after having a bath. However, earwax or cerumen is considered healthy, if it is within normal ranges. Cerumen covers the skin of external acoustic canal and forms a barrier against water. If this is not sufficient, itching and dryness occur in the ears.

The earwax that is cleaned by cotton buds is generally pushed into the ear canal. Besides, the eardrum and the external auditory canal are very thin and they can be easily ruptured and decomposed. Usually, the ear canal cleans itself; this happens through the migration of the canal skin outwards the eardrum slowly and regularly. The former earwax is moved up to the mouth of the canal and becomes dry, peeled and falls out.

It is not necessary to clean your ears in no case under ideal conditions. Nevertheless, this may change sometimes.

Recommendations: You can soften the earwax by applying a few drops twice a day. You can buy such eardrops without a prescription. If you feel ear congestion despite these drops, you can seek medical attention and get your ear washed.

Hoarseness
Hoarseness includes winded, rough, tough voice or all the changes in the volume or tone of the voice. Voice changes  are usually due to the diseases of the vocal cords which produce the sound. The vocal cords stay away from each other when one breathes and they assemble when speaking or singing a song. They vibrate and produce sound as air comes from the lungs. The more the vocal cords stay tight and the more they are short, the more they vibrate quickly. Quick vibration means thin voice. If there is a swelling and mass in vocal cords, a defect occurs in their contact with each other and this causes change in voice.

Causes of hoarseness
Hoarseness usually arises from unserious causes and is treated in a short time. The most common cause is acute laryngitis, in other words the cold in throat. The reason is the cold and swelling that occurs in vocal cords during the viral infections of upper respiratory tracts.

In addition, irritations due to shouting at sports competitions and concerts also cause hoarseness. The reason for hoarseness to last a long time is to use the voice in an inappropriately high-volume for a long time. These habits cause vocal nodules (singer’s nodules) which is a type of callus on vocal cords.

An important cause of hoarseness in advanced age adults is the irritation of the voice organ by the reflux of gastric content upwards to the esophagus. Sensation of chest burn does not occur in most patients, despite the reflux of gastric content upwards. Usually, voice is distorted in the morning and it gets better in the day time. These patients feel throat obstruction and adhesion of saliva to the throat.

One other cause of hoarseness is cigarette. As cigarette is the most important cause of throat cancer, it is recommended that smokers should see an otolaryngologist if they experience hoarseness. Other causes of hoarseness include aging, allergies, thyroid diseases, neurological disease, pulses in throat and rarely menstrual periods.