Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation
Today, the physical medicine and rehabilitation is recognized as a branch of medicine, which is gradually gaining more importance. Physical medicine and rehabilitation ensures faster return to routine daily life, and this branch plays active role in treatment of many conditions, including but not limited to rheumatoid, orthopedic, neurological, respiratory and cardiovascular diseases.
The Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Unit makes efforts to treat locomotor system and restore dysfunctions. Various physiotherapy modalities, including but not limited to hot and cold packs, electric current, massage and exercise, are used to treat diseases.
Rehabilitation is comprised of sophisticated efforts and modalities, which aims increasing life quality of patients and disabled people to the life quality level of health people. Rehabilitation is a long-term process and it requires team study.
Rehabilitation should be an adjunctive therapy to general medical treatment of patients. Otherwise, although medical recovery is achieved, functional independence cannot be achieved and such patients require help of others to sustain daily activities.
Rehabilitation facilitates adaptation to the normal daily life.
Which patients are eligible?
Medical treatment and physiotherapy of rheumatoid diseases are specifically planned for each patient. Training programs are issued to enhance life quality of patients.
Moreover, rehabilitation is started in pre- and post-operative periods for particular surgeries. In this context, painful and limited mobility is corrected in postoperative period of orthopedics and neurosurgery operations, and the patient is trained on protection of neck, low back region and bone health.
Home exercise programs
Appropriate rehabilitation programs are employed for movement disorders secondary to neurological conditions, and home exercise programs are planned for patients and relatives.
With this program, the patient may do exercises, which aim elimination of physical barriers limiting the mobility, at house.
Following services are provided in the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Unit of the Türkiye Hospital:
- Cervicalgia and low back pain are diagnosed and treated.
- Cervical and lumbar herniations are diagnosed and treated. (a treatment is planned to eliminate postoperative limited mobility and pain at said regions.)
- Shoulder pain, patellofemoral pain, coxofemoral pain, elbow pain, wrist pain and hand pain as well as arthrosis and limited mobility are treated. (rehabilitation programs are planned to restore mobility of aforesaid regions in the postoperative period.)
- Physiotherapy and rehabilitation modalities are offered for rheumatoid diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, also known as rheumatism of joint in colloquial speech, and ankylosing spondylitis, also known as Bamboo disease in colloquial speech.
- The chronic fatigue, characterized with increasing frequency secondary to stress and immobility, and pain as well as fibromyalgia syndrome, also known as soft tissue rheumatism, are diagnosed and treated at physical medicine and rehabilitation unit.
- Diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis is very important, since occurring secondary to decreased bone density caused by aging, the condition leads to fracture in wrist and hip. Osteoporosis is diagnosed and treated at the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Unit, and preventive and therapeutic exercise programs are organized.
- Many neurological diseases, including but not limited to stroke, spinal traumas, traumatic brain injuries, multiple sclerosis and motor neuron diseases, are successfully rehabilitated by a team study.
- Physiotherapy and rehabilitation are employed for congenital disabling diseases such as spina bifida, cerebral palsy and scoliosis and for acquired disabling diseases such as muscular dystrophies and neuromuscular diseases.
- Sports is the inevitable part of the healthy life, and sports injuries (i.e., sprain, strain, trauma, muscle weakness) are rehabilitated at this unit.
- Elderly population is rapidly growing not only worldwide, but also in our country. Daily life activities are planned and supported for elderly population in order to avoid geriatric diseases.
- Preventive measures are taken to prevent occurrence of decubitus ulcers secondary to long-term immobility, while already emerged ulcers are treated.
- Specific rehabilitation programs are employed for patients who have complaint of urinary incontinence.
- Training and rehabilitation are planned for patients, who have complaint of pain and limited mobility in temporomandibular joint.
- Physical therapy and rehabilitation are planned for patients with facial paralysis.
- Patients are trained on diagnosis, treatment and possible underlying diseases and conditions of posture disorders.