Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases

The expertise of endocrinology and metabolic diseases deals with hormonal diseases. Therefore, its importance is recently increasing since it covers a very wide spectrum of diseases. Various diseases occur when the released level of hormone is inadequate oraccess. Diabetes, obesityand thyroid gland diseases (goiter) are among well known endocrinologic diseases.

Hypoglycemia (low blood glucose) occurring due to non - diabetic reasons or often occurring due to wrong nutrition or due to other diseases of pancreas, any and ali hormonal diseases of female and male, Cushing syndrome which is related with adrenal and pituitary gland and is manifested as excess level of cortisone hormone, Addison disease which is characterized with decreased secretion of cortisone and other hormonesfrom pituitary gland localized in the brain, diseases about excess release of prolactin from pituitary gland (prolactinoma), acromegalia which is characterized with excess growth of extremities and end - organs, such as hand, foot and chin and is related with excess release of growth hormone from pituitary gland, hirsutism and menstruation irreguLarity in female, various diseases related with aldosteron and adrenalin, which are other hormones secreted by adrenal gland, diabetes insipidus (non - glycemic diabetes) and osteomalacia and osteoporosis resulting from Vitamin D deficiency are ali principal field of interest of Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases. Endocrinologic diseases should be considered when secondary causes of hypertension and osteoporosis are examined.