Eye Health and Diseases
Eye Diseases Department continues to give service related to all eye problems by providing you with the most current treatment methods. Computerized eye examinations and eye pressure measurement Humphray computerized visual field and Corneal Pachymetry Evaluation for diagnosis and follow-up of glaucoma (eye pressure disease), Computerized Eye Angio for diagnosis and follow-up of eye pathology caused by diabetes, latest model optical coherence tomography (OCT) for the diagnosis and follow-up of macular degeneration cornea tomography, Anterior Segment OCT, Orbscan Devises for diagnosis of corneal diseases, child hand otogreph providing easy diagnosis of infant and child visual impairment, B-Mode USG devices for retina vietrus layer analysis are available for your service.
Cataract surgeries without suturing (phaco), take off the glasses by laser Excimer, Wavefront Laser, latest technology Endolaser DSR operations without incision and suture for treatment of lacrimal duct obstruction, Vitreoretinal Surgery System (VRC) for retina-vitreous surgeries, surgeries of infant and child strabismus, glaucoma disease surgeries, refractive lens exchange surgeries for high eye numbers, cross link method for treatment of keratoconus disease, oculoplastic, esthetics and reconstructive surgeries are also successfully implemented by our experienced physicians team.
Postocular retina impairment depending on diabetes and hypertension is detected by modern eye angiography and treated by Argon LASER. Yag laser application for treatment of secondary cataract, Argon Laser Trabeculoplasty (ALT) and Yag Laser iridotomy application for glaucoma disease are successfully implemented in our clinic.
What is cataract?
Cataract is the case that the lenses inside of eye lose its transparency and take an opaque appearance. The eye is an optical system similar to camera. The light and images coming from outside must be refracted firstly in cornea which is outmost transparent layer, then in intraocular lens layer in order to clearly reach visual cortex. Under normal conditions, these two layers are in transparent structure. Cataract is the case of intraocular lens’ taking an opaque appearance by losing its transparency.
Although it has many types, cataracts generally can be analyzed in three main groups: age related cataracts, congenital cataracts, secondary cataracts: occur as a result of long-term use of some drugs (such as cortisone), strike, and metabolic diseases (such as diabetes).
Cataract commonly emerges depending on age. Although there is no known reason, there are many risk factors such as nutrition, ultraviolet rays. According to the opacification of lens, patients previously complain of visual impairments. As the opacification increases, both far sightedness and short sightedness reduce and this will disturb patients' social life.
What are the symptoms of cataract formation?
The most important cause of cataracts in adults is the changes in the lens with aging. Metabolic diseases, consanguineous marriage, diseases in the womb, using drug during pregnancy, infectious situations and injuries are effective for children. In addition, diabetes, intraocular inflammation (uveitis), kidney disease, glaucoma, high blood pressure (hypertension) and using cortisone drugs for a long time may cause cataract.
What are the symptoms of cataracts?
- Cloudy vision disease.
- Increasing low vision in eye without pain,
- Dazzling of eye or reduction of light intolerance, frequent changes in diopter strength, frequent need of wiping glasses, having difficulty during driving
- Low vision in the night
- Need of strong light for reading,
- Double vision with one eye,
- Fading or yellowing of colors
In which situations cataract surgery is inevitable?
- When the patient is faced with any cases following, surgery is immediately needed.
- If the vision no longer meet visional needs,
- If such diseases as inflammation lead cataract,
- In the past, the maturation of cataract was waited, but now, the surgery is needed to be done in the most early period and surgery becomes easier and the patient recovers faster.
Cataract treatment is surgical. No matter which surgical technique is performed, the surgery is conducted by placing an artificial intraocular lens in place of the lens which loses its transparency. If the lens is not placed inside of the eye, the patients are forced to use high prescription glasses or contact lenses after surgery.
What is the best method to be conducted in the treatment of cataracts?
The best method is PHACO method which is suture-free surgery performed by placing lens inside of its own membrane. Some other methods may be needed according to the status of the patient or course of surgery. FDA or CE approved lenses must be used in cataract surgeries. We plan to provide patient with far vision without wearing glasses after surgery by the lenses used in cataract surgeries and using glasses for near vision. Some patient may need far vision glasses even for low diopter values. Recently used multifocal (providing far and near vision) lens make it possible to do day works without wearing glasses after surgery. The property of these multifocal lenses is to be able to insure both far and near focusing.
Does cataract relapse?
Cataract does not relapse in the patients who have cataract surgery. Although this is called as ‘secondary cataract’ among people, it is actually not cataract. This formation can be easily treated by laser in 30 seconds.