Chronic renal impairment is one of the most important health problems of our country like in all over the world. According to 2010 year data, approximately seventy thousands renal impairment patients are treated dialysis in our country. It is expected that this number will exceed one hundred in 2015. Increased patient number makes a negative pressure on both social security system and health system due to its economic and social load.
Both of the kidneys are unable to carry out some important duties such as removing the water materials such as urea and creatinin from the body; adjusting the liquid and electrolyte and acid-base balance; balancing the bone structure by adjusting the calcium, phosphor, magnesium and D vitamin levels; removing some hormones such as insulin from the body and adjusting the blood pressure at the patients who had chronic renal impairment. When our these organs that have such important duties become unable to carry out its functions, the patients are to start one of the treatment methods that are called as renal replacement treatments with the aim of maintaining their lifes. In fact, only kidney transplantation is the only curative method among afore mentioned methods and others are among the supportive treatment class.