Gastroenterology and Hepatology department makes the diagnosis and treatment of the disease from oesophagus to stomach, duodenum, small intestine, and colon and anus diseases. Moreover, pancreas, gallbladder and gallbladder pathways diseases are included. Second primary subject is liver disease. It deals with the diagnosis and treatment of these organs’ diseases such as ulcer, gastritis, jaundice, hepatitis, cirrhosis, spastic colon, gall bladder stones, and arthritis, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, constipation, diarrhea, rectal and oral bleeding, hemorrhoids (piles), digestive system cancers. To sum up, organs which are part of the digestive system and diseases related to them are the fields which constitute the diagnosis and treatment of Gastroenterology and Hepatology.
The digestive system is important for the health of the entire body. A digestive system which does not work well causes not to get enough nutriment and leads to the toxicity in some body systems as a result of accumulating of harmful substances in the body due to not being excreted from the body. In the 20th century, it has become possible to examine the digestive system in detail with the development of medical technology and many treatment methods have been developed depending on this.
Gastroenterology and Hepatology Specialty is obtained after doing 2-3 years minor in addition to completing 4 years Internal Medicine Operations. The evaluation of the complaints related to their field and the diagnosis and treatments of diseases of their branch are taught during this education.
Major symptoms of gastroenterology diseases are heartburn, acid indigestion, feeling bitterness in the mouth, abdominal pain, burning, nauseas, vomiting, chronic tussis like cough in the middle of the sternum, disorder after eating some foods, conductance, constipation, oral and rectal bleeding, having difficulty in bowel movement, the changes occurred in bowel movement habits, growing pale of skin color and eyes, itching and sometimes malaise and weight loss.
Endoscopic procedures are used in the diagnosis and treatment of these diseases. Transfusion of a tranquilizer called as sedation is performed and the patient DOES NOT FEEL PAIN during these procedures.
- Gastroscopy (esophagogastroduodenoscopy)
- Endoscopic treatment of stomach and duodenum bleeding
- Treatment of esophageal varices
- Dilation operations
- Gastroscopy in reflux disease
- 24 hours phmonitorization and impedance
- Esophageal manometer
- Capsule endoscopy
- Gastric balloon
- Insertion of a feeding tube (PEG)
- Colonoscopy and Sigmoidoscopy
- Hemorrhoids treatment (sclerotherapy and ligation)
- Rectal manometer
- Liver disease, fatty liver syndrome, Viral hepatitis, cirrhosis