Clinical Biochemistry of science; is a science studying organization and functions of biological systems in the human organism at the molecular level. It forms the basis of the medicine and provide main help to other sciences by making biochemical analyses in the blood, urine and body fluids for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. In the biochemistry laboratory, glucose, hemoglabinaA1c, kidney function tests BUN, creatinine, creatinine clearance, enzymes AST, ALT, etc., electrolytes, calcium, phosphorus, iron, iron binding capacity, ferritin, vitamin B12, follic acid, blood gases, cardiac tests CKMB mass, troponin T and Troponin I, D-Dimer routine biochemical tests are studied. In addition, urinalysis, 24-hours urine tests, protein in urine etc. are made. For emergency and routine tests as working principle, it aims to provide 24 hours uninterrupted service.
It covers tests related to hormones. Tests such as Thyroid hormones (T3, T4, TSH, FT3, FT4), gonod hormones (FSH, LH, E2, prolactin, progesterone, B-HCG) PSA, are studied
Analysis such as blood count, bleeding and clotting time, APTT, PT, fibrinogen, blood groups, cross match, clotting factors, peripheral smear, reticulocyte are studied.
To put the diagnosis of diseases caused by micro-organisms, to detect treatment guiding findings, to help selection of medicines to be used for treatment and to provide diagnoses of infection diseases to be put are the working areas of microbiology. Laboratory of Clinical Microbiology provides the diagnosis of bacterial, viral, parasiter and mycetes developed infections to be put by giving service in four sub-headings as bacteriology, virology, mycology and parasitology. The basic tests studied in microbiology; are culture-antibiogram, chlamydia-mycoplasma antigen tests such as urine, throat and phiegm, direct mycetes research, culture, rotavirus-adenovirus stools antigen tests, Hepatitis markers and diagnostic tests of other viral diseases, microscopic and antigen tests of parasitic diseases such as amoebas and giardia.
To ease diagnosis of infection diseases by revealing specific antibodies and antigens occurred against factor in infectious diseases, serological tests are used in order to facilitate the diagnosis of infectious diseases. Antigen-antibody interactions are in vitro examined by serological tests.
For Salmonella infections Grubel Widal test, for Brucella infection, Brucella Tube Agglutination (Wright Test) and for syphilis infection TPHA test may be given as example.